WordPress.org

Support

Support » Plugins and Hacks » Login Security Solution » [Resolved] [Plugin: Login Security Solution] Server behind proxy or load balancer

[Resolved] [Plugin: Login Security Solution] Server behind proxy or load balancer

Viewing 8 replies - 1 through 8 (of 8 total)
  • Plugin Author Daniel Convissor

    @convissor

    Hi Jose:

    Are you asking in general, or is this a situation you actually have?

    I could populate the plugin’s IP data with HTTP_X_FORWARDED_FOR if it’s provided. Sound good?

    –Dan

    Yes, this is my case, we’re using a proxy and every access to the site has the same ip. Because the plugin analysis login attempts by user and not only by ip, it still is effective, but we miss the ip block/slowdown feature.

    ThankYou for your response.

    Hello again,

    After some research I changed a bit of code within the plugin file and now it seams to be using the “real” IP and not the proxy one.

    I changed the get_IP method of your plugin’s class

    protected function get_ip() {
    		if (empty($_SERVER['REMOTE_ADDR'])) {
    			return '';
    		}
    		if (empty($_SERVER['HTTP_X_FORWARDED_FOR'])) {
    			return '';
    		}
    
    		//return $this->normalize_ip($_SERVER['REMOTE_ADDR']);
    		return $this->normalize_ip($_SERVER['HTTP_X_FORWARDED_FOR']);
    	}
    Plugin Author Daniel Convissor

    @convissor

    Hi Jose:

    I committed some changes for this into the SVN repository. It will be in release 0.22.0, whenever that comes out. For now, you can use the latest “development version” via http://downloads.wordpress.org/plugin/login-security-solution.zip. Please try it and let me know how it goes.

    –Dan

    Hi Daniel,

    There are serious security implications, I would like highlight that this functionality should not be implemented as you have done.

    REMOTE_ADDR is generated by the web server based on the connection from the client. HTTP_X_FORWARDED_FOR is based on a HTTP header sent by the client.

    You can’t trust input from the client, particularly input that is easily faked, such as HTTP headers. Clients can stick anything into that HTTP_X_FORWARDED_FOR header.

    Here are is a reference blog article on the topic of spoofing IP’s.

    There are many plugins with generic incorrect use of HTTP_X_FORWARDED_FOR header *sigh*.
    Remember HTTP_X_FORWARDED_FOR can contain multiple IP’s.

    As an alternative to this I would suggest including a section in the installation / setup instructions.
    Where the admin at their choosing can modify their wp-config.php to replace REMOTE_ADDR with the correctly extrapolated HTTP_X_FORWARDED_FOR and resetting HTTP_X_FORWARDED_FOR as required.

    Perhaps a whitelist of REMOTE_ADDR enable you to trust the value of HTTP_X_FORWARDED_FOR, again I believe this should be setup in wp-config.php.

    Cheers,
    Dean.

    Dean,

    Thank you for the enlightenment, sure it’ll help the plugin maker to adjust the code to suit both security and practical needs. Maybe he’ll change the sanitize method as well to avoid such XSS vulnerabilities.

    josediogenes

    Plugin Author Daniel Convissor

    @convissor

    Dean:

    Once again, thank you for paying close attention.

    My initial thinking was “Yeah, the HTTP_X_FORWARDED_FOR can be forged, but so can the REMOTE_ADDR.” But the underlying point of your statement is that forging an HTTP header is WAY simpler than forging an IP packet or attacking via proxies.

    I’ll revert the change and advise users to take appropriate measures.

    josediogenes, for the record, my plugin carefully validates all input in order to prevent XSS and SQL vulnerabilities, etc.

    Thanks,

    –Dan

    Plugin Author Daniel Convissor

    @convissor

    The installation instructions now include a step for administrators running behind load balancers and proxies. This will show up on the website when the next release is made. Until then, folks can view the readme file in SVN.

Viewing 8 replies - 1 through 8 (of 8 total)
  • The topic ‘[Resolved] [Plugin: Login Security Solution] Server behind proxy or load balancer’ is closed to new replies.
Skip to toolbar