REST API Guard

Description

Restrict and control access to the REST API.

Usage

The WordPress REST API is generally very public and can share a good deal of information with the internet anonymously. This plugin aims to make it easier to restrict access to the REST API for your WordPress site.

Out of the box the plugin can:

  • Disable anonymous access to the REST API.
  • Restrict and control anonymous access to the REST API by namespace, path, etc.

Settings Page

The plugin can be configured via the Settings page (Settings -> REST API Guard) or via the relevant filter.

Preventing Access to User Information (wp/v2/users)

By default, the plugin will restrict anonymous access to the users endpoint. This can be prevented in the plugin’s settings or via code:

add_filter( 'rest_api_guard_allow_user_access', fn () => true );

Preventing Access to Index (/) or Namespace Endpoints (wp/v2)

To prevent anonymous users from browsing your site and discovering what plugins/post types are setup, the plugin restricts access to the index (/) and namespace (wp/v2) endpoints. This can be prevented in the plugin’s settings or via code:

// Allow index access.
add_filter( 'rest_api_guard_allow_index_access', fn () => true );

// Allow namespace access.
add_filter( 'rest_api_guard_allow_namespace_access', fn ( string $namespace ) => true );

Restrict Anonymous Access to the REST API

The plugin can restrict anonymous access for any request to the REST API in the plugin’s settings or via code:

add_filter( 'rest_api_guard_prevent_anonymous_access', fn () => true );

Limit Anonymous Access to Specific Namespaces/Routes (Allowlist)

Anonymous users can be granted access only to specific namespaces/routes. Requests outside of these paths will be denied. This can be configured in the plugin’s settings or via code:

add_filter(
    'rest_api_guard_anonymous_requests_allowlist',
    function ( array $paths, WP_REST_Request $request ): array {
        // Allow other paths not included here will be denied.
        $paths[] = 'wp/v2/post';
        $paths[] = 'custom-namespace/v1/public/*';

        return $paths;
    },
    10,
    2
);

Restrict Anonymous Access to Specific Namespaces/Routes (Denylist)

Anonymous users can be restricted from specific namespaces/routes. This acts as
a denylist for specific paths that an anonymous user cannot access. The paths
support regular expressions for matching. The use of the allowlist takes
priority over this denylist. This can be configured in the plugin’s settings or
via code:

add_filter(
    'rest_api_guard_anonymous_requests_denylist',
    function ( array $paths, WP_REST_Request $request ): array {
        $paths[] = 'wp/v2/user';
        $paths[] = 'custom-namespace/v1/private/*';

        return $paths;
    },
    10,
    2
);

Require JSON Web Token (JWT) Authentication

Anonymous users can be required to authenticate via a JSON Web Token (JWT) to
access the REST API. Users should pass an Authorization: Bearer <token> header
with their request. This can be configured in the plugin’s settings or via code:

add_filter( 'rest_api_guard_authentication_jwt', fn () => true );

Out of the box, the plugin will look for a JWT in the Authorization: Bearer
<token>
header. The JWT will be expected to have an audience of
‘wordpress-rest-api’ and issuer of the site’s URL. This can be configured in the
plugin’s settings or via code:

add_filter(
    'rest_api_guard_jwt_audience',
    function ( string $audience ): string {
        return 'custom-audience';
    }
);

add_filter(
    'rest_api_guard_jwt_issuer',
    function ( string $issuer ): string {
        return 'https://example.com';
    }
);

The JWT’s secret will be autogenerated and stored in the database in the
rest_api_guard_jwt_secret option. The secret can also be changed via code:

add_filter(
    'rest_api_guard_jwt_secret',
    function ( string $secret ): string {
        return 'my-custom-secret';
    }
);

Allow JWT Authentication for Authenticated Users

Authenticated users can be authenticated with the REST API via a JSON Web Token.
Similar to the anonymous JWT authentication, users should pass an
Authorization: Bearer header with their request. This can be
configured in the plugin’s settings or via code:

add_filter( 'rest_api_guard_user_authentication_jwt', fn () => true );

Generating JWTs for Anonymous and Authenticated Users

JWTs can be generated by calling the
wp rest-api-guard generate-jwt [–user=] command or using the
Alley\WP\REST_API_Guard\generate_jwt() method:

$jwt = \Alley\WP\REST_API_Guard\generate_jwt(
    expiration: 3600, // Optional. The expiration time in seconds from now.
    user: 1, // Optional. The user ID to generate the JWT for. Supports `WP_User` or user ID.
);

Installation

You can install the package via composer:

composer require alleyinteractive/wp-rest-api-guard

Reviews

October 20, 2022
Simple and effective. I love being able to easily turn off access to the REST API.
Read all 2 reviews

Contributors & Developers

“REST API Guard” is open source software. The following people have contributed to this plugin.

Contributors

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Interested in development?

Browse the code, check out the SVN repository, or subscribe to the development log by RSS.