Okay, I just logged into the database again and I modified the time. It still is not showing up from within Word Press. However, if I manually type in the ID number for the post, from within the manage screen, I can pull up the article. The preview below says "Sorry, no posts matched your criteria." So even if I save this article again--Wordpress will not view it.
Nothing from this article has changed from when it was showing up--except I modified the article and saved it. By modifying the article, I changed a spelling mistake, altered a category, or something minor like that.
Is there an option to "rebuild the database" or something that would repair it? Something seems wrong here.
Also, I am hosted on one of the hosts that I fond here on WordPress.org. They have a feature that automatically installs WP. So I am fairly confident the install should be good.
Thanks for your help--as I am extremely worried about this.