The theme I am working with has a series of tabs across the top that link to WordPress "Pages." Ideally I'd like these "Pages" to start with short article and then have excerpts from the last few posts in whatever category is appropriate.
A second-choice (I think) alternative would be to have each navigation tab linked to a category, and top the index of each category with a short article.
I am not programmer. Which alternative above is going to be simpler and better? Where, more specifically than "read the codex," would I look to find information that will help me?