The way it is supposed to work is that you type a title for your post, then go to the editing box and type in your text. Once there is text in the title box and you have tabbed or clicked out of it, the permalink edit option should show up.
How are you creating your posts? And how is the behavior of the editing pane different from what I've described?
Edit to add: the "get shortlink" and "view post" items don't appear until after the post is published, but the "edit" button should appear as soon as you click out of the title field, assuming you entered text into it.